propagation cost

The Emergence of Artifact-mediated Collaboration Structures in Open Source Software Evolution

The Microstructure of Modularity in Design: A Design Motif View

The established stream of literature on design architectures argues that designers should aim for modular architecture in order increase the system’s technical performance by lowering the propagation costs of the system’s design: A system with a …

The Microstructure of Complex Architectures in Open Collaboration: A Theory of Design Network Motifs